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The Canadian state and the empowerment of the Francophone minority communities regarding their economic development

Written by Louis-Patrick St-Pierre :: [Tuesday, 07 July 2015 14:36] Last updated by Azure René de Cotret :: [Wednesday, 24 February 2021 16:21]
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Year: 2015 Authors and Collaborators Forgues, Éric; Theme Official Language Communities
Francophones Outside Quebec
Linguistic minorities
Language Policy
Volume and number: , 185 Journal: , International Journal of the Sociology of Language Pages : , 163-186 Abstract
This article deals with the collective efforts of the Francophone minority communities (FMCs), that is, Francophones outside the province of Quebec, to ensure their economic development. After a brief historical overview of the economic development forms taken by the FMCs, we will more closely analyze its current form, focusing on the partnership tendency between these FMCs and the state. The FMCs did not rely on the state before the 1970s for their development, since networks of Francophone associations took charge of their overall development. When the Official Languages Act came into effect in 1969, the situation changed in favor of an increasing development of a partnership between the government and the FMCs, assisted by funding. In this article, we present the form taken by this partnership in the economic sector, focusing on the first program set up by the Canadian state to specifically encourage the economic development of Francophone minorities: the Réseau de développement économique et d'employabilité (RDEE). The RDEE gave FMCs access to the first economic development government instrument aimed specifically at them. The RDEE looks to adopt a partnership approach and encourage empowerment among FMCs. The analysis shows some of the partnership issues involved in the real implication of the empowerment by these communities for their own development, the sometimes difficult link between the governance structures and the FMCs' networks, as well as the legitimacy of the governance structures implemented within the RDEE. Adapted from the source document

Notes : CD: ISLGAH; With the cooperation of Myriam Beaudry and Helene de Varennes. Translated by Faith Cormier.